Top: grizzly/brown bear (modern)
Middle: prehistoric halibut from Alaska vs. modern halibut
Bottom: bottom molars of grizzly/brown bear (modern)


Pacific ID offers the following specialized analyses:

Identification of mixed faunal remains and interpretation of data to include:

  • Minimum Number of Individuals (MNI)
  • butchering patterns
  • distribution of taxa within site
  • seasonality of site use
  • element distribution within species
  • habitats exploited
  • multivariate osteometric analysis of specific taxa
  • comprehensive analysis of domestic dog remains

Prehistoric Zoogeography
Retrieval of target species from archived prehistoric faunal assemblages and analysis to include:

  • element counts
  • age & sex ratios
  • literature search (including early historic documents)
  • multivariate analysis
  • size estimation using regression formulae

Food Habits of Predatory Animals (mammals, birds, fish)
Analysis of stomach contents, fecal remains, regurgitations, nest and den debris to include:

  • sample cleaning (elutriation)
  • identification of bone, teeth, cartilaginous elements and otoliths
  • determination of MNI per taxon per sample
  • measurement and size estimation of bone

Skeletal Anatomy Training
Provide trainees with the expertise to undertake food habit studies of predatory animals,
to include:

  • plan & assist in lab setup (making a comparative reference collection)
  • teach skeletal anatomy
  • make database management recommendations
  • provide training supplies, audio-visual aids, manuals, and test samples
  • provide continuous support throughout learning process
  • ID verification & ID of problematic specimens

Preparation & Valuation of Skeletal Reference Databases
Bone by bone taxonomic comparisons between species (descriptive, osteometric and computer imaging)

  • bone measurements of reference specimens, creating regression equations for each bone dimension to be used in size estimation.
  • valuation of existing or donated collections for insurance/tax purposes

Ancient DNA Analysis
Preparation of DNA samples from animal bone, to include:

  • identification and retrieval of suitable bone specimens of target species from archived assemblages
  • preparation of DNA sample from bone specimens
  • assistance in arranging for appropriate analysis of prepared samples.