Above: prehistoric dog skull

Research Sponsored by Pacific ID (In whole or in part)

Publications resulting from research & development projects undertaken by Pacific ID.

Page 1: Zoogeography, paleozoology, zooarchaeology and ostemetry: 1990-2012
Page 2: Osteometric and genetic analyses of extinct NW Coast and Northern BC dogs: 1990-2012
Page 3: Domestication and speciation theory: 1996-2012
Page 4: Major research reports: 1996-2012, plus recent & on-going collaborations
Page 5: Publications resulting from Pacific ID contracting activities (co-authored & other authors)
Page 6: Magazine articles on Pacific ID projects or principals (other authors)

Osteometric and genetic analyses of extinct NW Coast and Northern BC dogs: 1990-2012

Crockford, S.J., Moss, M.L., and J.F. Baichtal. 2012. Pre-contact dogs from the Prince of Wales archipelago, Alaska. Alaska Journal of Anthropology 9(1):49-64.

McKechnie, I., Crockford, S. and Moss, M. 2010. “Visualizing Archaeozoological Evidence of Domestic Dog Distribution on the Northwest Coast of N. America” Poster for the International Council for Archaeozoology Conference, Paris, France. Aug. 23-27.

Crockford, S.J., 2005. Breeds of native dogs in North America before the arrival of European dogs. Proceedings of the World Small Animal Veterinary Congress, Mexico City. available online at:

Crockford, S. J. , Letchford, B. and C. Moyer. 2003. Osteometric vs. genetic characterization of the Tahltan Bear Dog. pg. 18-39. In : K. M. Stewart & F. L. Stewart (eds.), Transitions in Zooarchaeology: New Methods and New Results . Canadian Zooarchaeology Supplement #1 . Ottawa, Canadian Museum of Nature.

Koop, B. F., Burbidge, M., Byun, A., Rink, U, & S. J. Crockford. 2000. Ancient DNA evidence of a separate origin for North American indigenous dogs. pg. 271-285. In: S. Crockford (ed.), Dogs Through Time: An Archaeological Perspective. British Archaeological Reports (B.A.R.), Archaeopress S889, Oxford. (collaborative research with Univ. of Victoria (Ben Koop, Biology) & National Science & Engineering Research Council, Canada (NSERC) - first published analysis of ancient dog DNA)

Crockford, S. J. 1997. Osteometry of Makah and Coast Salish Dogs . Archaeology Press, Publication 22, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C.
(A comprehensive analysis of cranial & postcranial remains of adult dogs from 20 coastal archaeological sites)

Crockford, S. J. & C. J. Pye. 1997. Forensic reconstruction of prehistoric dogs from the northwest coast. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 21 (2): 149-153 [the story of the wool dog/village dog sketches]


Top: grizzly/brown bear (modern)
Bottom: prehistoric halibut vertebrae vs. modern